Harp glissando and arpeggio playback in Sibelius

by Bob Zawalich on July 22, 2016 · 9 comments

in Tips

zawalich3This blog post is written by Bob Zawalich, composer, guitarist, software designer, and creator of hundreds of useful plug-ins for Sibelius. In this post, Bob shows us how to get harp notation that is pleasant to both the eye and ear by using several convenient plug-ins.

Lines in Sibelius are defined for one staff only. You can drag a line to cover both staves, but playback will not work properly. I will first describe how to get the notation to look correct, and then how to get playback to match the notation.

Notation

Glissando lines

If you want a gliss. line to cover both staves, select the start and end notes and create the line. It will be drawn straight on the first staff, and the ends may be far from either notehead. Now click on the end(s) of the line that need to move to get a small handle, and drag the handle to the note – the up and down arrow keys will actually do a great job for this. You will usually find that you will not need to adjust the horizontal spacing at all.

The downloadable Line Between Notes plug-in (in category Lines) will make this easier. You can select two notes and run the plug-in and it positions the line as close to the notes as it can. The plug-in has to guess the distance between staves, so it will not always end at the right height, but the line will always require less adjustment than when you add the line by hand.

harp-ex-1

See Philip’s blog post for more information about this plug-in.

Arpeggios

Prior to Sibelius 6, arpeggios always came from the Lines gallery. You can still get them there, but it is now much easier to use note-attached arpeggios which are available from the 5th keypad layout. They are easier to position than lines, match the height of the chord, and stay attached to the chord even if it moves.

harp-ex-2

If you select notes on two staves when adding an arpeggio, you will find you create two arpeggios — one on each staff — and each chord will start playing back at the same time. Instead, select just one staff, and after the arpeggio is created, drag the end to the other staff. Arpeggios will play back (the plain and up-arrow arpeggios play upward, the down-arrow plays downward), but only on one staff.

If you’ve opened a file created in Sibelius 5 or earlier, or if you just didn’t know about this method of creating arpeggios and created them as lines, you can use the plug-in Replace Arpeggio Lines to convert them to note-attached arpeggios.

If you want to get both staves to play back you will need to use a plug-in.

Playback

Neither gliss. nor arpeggio lines play back correctly across multiple staves, and harp glisses only play back correctly if you are playing the white or black piano notes, even on a single staff. There are plug-ins that can help with playback.

Glissando lines

The “instrument default” playback of a gliss. line in a harp instrument is White notes. This is set in Home > Instruments > Edit Instruments, and the available options are as follows:

harp-ex-2a

White notes plays a C major scale and Black notes plays a “black keys on the piano” pentatonic scale, regardless of the key of the piece. These settings might work on a piano (or a cross-strung harp), but they are not very useful for most harps. Unless you are in the key of C or A minor, the playback will always be wrong for harp glissandos! Also, gliss. lines that cross staves or gliss. lines for notes that are not adjacent do not play back at all in Sibelius.

To get around this, you can download and run the Harp Gliss Playback plug-in from category Harp.

This plug-in adds hidden MIDI messages that cause the correct notes to be played. It uses MIDI messages rather than hidden notes, because the hidden notes would have a major impact on the layout of the score.

The intention of the plug-in is that you should be able to select your entire score, and the plug-in will find any gliss. lines for harps and will generate the correct pitches. Unfortunately there are many complications, and these are described in the PDF file that accompanies the plug-in, but if the tuning is clearly described by pedal diagrams or key signatures and notes, the plug-in will find the lines and notes, calculate the tuning, and generate the messages.

harp-ex-3

The plug-in dialog can be a bit intimidating, but try it with the defaults after selecting the notes for which you want to get playback, and it will most likely do what you want. The PDF file included with the plug-in explains the options.

harp-ex-4

Selecting the entire score will only work if the notes glissed between are adjacent rhythmically, but you can also select any two notes and the plug-in will generate the gliss. messages between those notes.

Wait until the notes are well determined before running the plug-in because the messages will not adjust if the notes change. You can run the plug-in again, though, and by default it will delete the previous MIDI messages. The hidden messages will not print, and you can turn off View > Invisibles > Hidden Objects and you will not see the gray “cloud”.

You can use the downloadable plug-in Trace MIDI Messages (in category Text) to see exactly which messages have been written.

Arpeggios

If you use note-attached arpeggios from the 4th keypad layout, they will play back if the notes are all on one staff. You can drag the arpeggio from one staff to an adjacent staff, so it will look right, but the notes in the dragged-to staff will not play any differently.

Arpeggio lines of either type have three playback problems:

  1. Arpeggio lines only work in a single voice
  2. Arpeggio lines only affect one staff
  3. The playback starts on the beat, but harpists always want to end on the beat

If you want arpeggios to end on the beat, or chords on two staves with a single arpeggio line to play back as if you rolled the notes from the lowest note up through the notes in the lower staff, then up through the notes in the higher staff, or play back chords in more than one voice, select the notes in the chord (on one or two staves) and run the downloadable Harp Arpeggio plug-in (in category Harp).

You will have to select the notes and run the plug-in on each chord you want to play back correctly.

This plug-in adjusts the Play > Live Playback > Live start positions of each note to start a little later. You can adjust the gap between notes. The default (8), which is equivalent to starting each note a 128th note apart, works well in most cases. 16 units gives a bit more time spread, though. Listen to the results and see what you like best.

harp-ex-5

If you follow these procedures, your harp notation will sound a lot more like a harp!

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{ 9 comments… read them below or add one }

Rinaldo July 22, 2016 at 11:25 AM

These are great to have summed up in one place. I have a question that’s related but not quite the same as any of these.

I’m transcribing a score from 1924, for which I’d like to be faithful to the details of notation if possible. It contains a rolled harp chord (a half note) notated across a grand staff, but rather than a wavy arpeggio line, the chord is preceded by a written-out arpeggio in grace notes (lowest first), each note tied to the note of the same pitch in the half-note chord.

Is there ANY way to notate it this way and have it play back correctly? I can cross-staff the grace-note arpeggio, and the ties even hook up correctly, but accidentals sometimes appear on the wrong chord, and playback plays the arpeggio AFTER the half-note chord.

Reply

Bob Zawalich July 22, 2016 at 2:20 PM

Cross staff notes do have problems with accidentals and you sometimes need to adjust them manually.

The plugin Harp Gliss and Octave Notes generates a octave of silent grace notes to serve as the introduction to a harp gliss. You might possible be able to use it to at least generate your pitches. I discuss the plugin in the Sibelius tech forum in this thread:

http://www.sibelius.com/cgi-bin/helpcenter/chat/chat.pl?com=thread&start=699530&groupid=3&words=harp%20gliss%20octave&name=Bob%20Zawalich

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Bob Zawalich July 22, 2016 at 2:24 PM

Thanks for publishing this, Philip.

I want to note that the late Ian Cugley wrote the Harp Arpeggio plugin, and he also wrote Harp Gliss, which I reverse-engineered to produce Harp Gliss Playback.

I would have asked Ian to modify (or let me modify) Harp Gliss to fix some bugs and add new features, but he was not available and I could not get permission to change Ian’s code, so I rewrote it from scratch.

Harp Gliss Playback owes a lot to Ian, and is dedicated to his memory.

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Philip Rothman July 22, 2016 at 2:28 PM

Hi Bob – thanks. A fitting tribute, indeed.

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BlueTrombone July 23, 2016 at 2:15 PM

Thanks! …. :-)

Reply

Eduardo Montiel July 29, 2016 at 6:22 PM

Porfavor, pueden hacer una herramienta para bloquear el diseño y la impresion?

Reply

Joshua Stamper September 10, 2016 at 3:10 PM

Thanks for the helpful post, Bob. How do you adjust the parameters of the Harp Arpeggio plugin, to decrease or increase the delay between notes? Often times I need to make adjustments, but the dialogue box only shows up when I first use the plugin in a score.

Reply

Bob Zawalich December 23, 2016 at 2:10 AM

You should really use the Sibelius tech forum, rather than this blog, for tech support questions. But in the case of Harp Arpeggio, you can see the dialog again if you run the plugin with no selection.

Reply

Eduardo Montiel December 23, 2016 at 10:45 AM

Bob Zawalich: Tienes que hacer una Herramienta con Pass Para Bloquear el Diseño de las Orquestaciones y Partituras. Gracias!, Desde Argentina.

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